The battle of Legnica - April 9th 1241AD


The Mongols heading west crushed the Russian states and the Cumans. Most of the Cumans submitted to the Mongols, but one of their leader, Koten, lead a part of his people in Hungary, looking for a refuge.

The Mongols considered all the Cumans to have submitted to their authority, so Batu Khan sent an ultimatum to King Bela IV of Hungary to surrender the Cumans. The King of Hungary rejected it, and Subotai began planning the Mongol invasion of Europe. Batu and Subutai were to lead two armies to attack Hungary itself, while a third under Baidar, Orda Khan and Kadan would attack Poland as a diversion to occupy northern European forces which might come to Hungary's aid.

Orda's forces devastated northern Poland and the southwestern border of Lithuania, Baidar and Kadan ravaged the southern part of Poland.

Henry II the Pious, Duke of Silesia, hastily raised an army to defend his land. While considering whether to besiege Wrocław, Baidar and Kadan received reports that King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia was two days away with an army of 50,000. The Mongols turned from Wrocław to intercept Henry's forces before the European armies could meet. The Mongols caught up with Henry near Legnica at Legnickie Pole (Polish for "Field of Legnica"), also known as Wahlstatt.

The battle was a great Mongol victory, the Polish army was annihilated and Henry killed. The Mongol suffered losses as well, because they decided to not engage Wenceslaus' army.

As Baidar and Kadan's orders had been to serve as a diversion, and they were facing a regrouping opponent, they turned away from Bohemia and Poland and went southward to join Batu and Subutai, who had narrowly defeated the Hungarians at the battle of Mohi and suffered massive losses.

The Mongols never again inveded european countries with conquest aims.


Army Lists:

 Polish army

C1- CiC IKnF (Henry II the Pious), 25 IKnF, 2 RKnS - 60ME

C2- SG IKnF (Boleslav of Moravia), 20 IBwO, 16 ISpI, 4 IPsO - 36ME

C3- AG IKnF (Sulislav of Krakow), 6 IKnF, 20 IBwO, 16 ISpI, 4 IPsO - 48ME

C4- Teutonic and Opole army AG RKnS (Miezsko II the fat), 2RKnS, 4 RKnO, 2 RCvI, 4 RLhO, 2 IBgI - 24ME

C5- 6 IBgI - 6ME


Mongol Army

C1- CiC RCvS (Baidar), 8 RCvS, 16 RLhS - 40ME

C2- SG RCvS (Kadan), 8 RCvS, 12 RLhF - 36ME

C3- SG RLhS (Orda Khan), 16 RLhS - 24ME

C4- SG RLhS (Yagbu), 16 RLhS - 24ME

C5- 8 RBgF - 16ME

Stratagems: Feigned Flight, Ambush



The battle table will be m 3.60 by 1.20

Special rules:

- The inhibition sectors are 40 cm large

- Polish deploys first and move second

- Polish deploys within 36 cm by their table edge, Mongols within 20 cm

- Each ambush can be of 16 elements plus the command general

- Polish CiC does not have the bonus pip

- The Teutonic corps enter as delayed corps in a 40cm edge exactly at the middle of the polish deployment area

- The Polish CiC corps deploys in a central position at 24 cm by the edge in a formation no deeper than 3 ranks while C2 and C3 are on left and right wings with their formation no more than 3 ranks deep and touching the table edge.

- The stream is treated as rough going

- The battle is fought in full daylight with no weather


Battle report